The 2011 Dodd-Frank Act amended the CFTC's jurisdiction to authorize regulation of
"retail commodity transactions offered 'on a leveraged or margined basis, or financed by the offeror, the counterparty, or a person acting in concert with the offeror or counterparty on a similar basis.' Dodd-Frank [Publ. L. No. 111-203] § 742, 124 Stat.  at 1732-33 (codified at 7 U.S.C. § 2(c)(2)(D)[(i)])."
CFTC v. Hunter Wise Commodities, LLC, 749 F. 3d 967, 970 (11th Cir. 2014). The Hunter Wise Court held those amendments in fact expanded the CFTC's jurisdiction. But that expanded ...
Prior to Dodd-Frank, the CFTC and Courts recognized a distinction between traded futures contracts subject to CFTC jurisdiction and individualized non-exchange-traded contracts for the present sale of a cash commodity for deferred or future delivery (a "forward contract" or just "forward"). Forwards are exempt from CFTC jurisdiction. Unlike futures, cash forwards contemplates actual physical delivery, contain individualized terms, involve a commodity of intrinsic value (itself, not just the contract), and are not transferable or traded contracts.
Generally, a cash ...
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