The Economic Aid Act authorizes new PPP loans for first-time borrowers, as well as applications for a Second Draw PPP Loan for those that already received a loan last year. This alert addresses the requirements and issues for the self-employed and sole proprietors with no employees, who wish to apply for a Second Draw PPP Loan under the new law.
If you are self-employed/or a sole proprietor, with no W-2 employees, and you report income from your business on your personal tax return (Form 1040/Schedule C), and if you qualified for a First Draw PPP Loan and would continue to qualify, here are the other requirements for a Second Draw PPP Loan:
- You must have already spent the money you received through your prior PPP loan last year (“First Draw PPP Loan”).
- You must have experienced a revenue reduction of 25% or more in 2020 compared to 2019. For this purpose, you must compare your quarterly gross receipts/sales for any quarter in 2020 with the gross receipts for the same quarter in 2019. You can also qualify if your total 2020 gross receipts are less than your total 2019 gross receipts. For example, if you had gross receipts of $50,000 in the second quarter of 2019 and gross receipts of $30,000 in the second quarter of 2020, you would have experienced a revenue reduction of 40% between the quarters, and are therefore eligible for a Second Draw PPP Loan (assuming all other eligibility criteria are met). If your gross receipts were $250,000 for 2019 but only $150,000 for 2020, you experienced a 40% decline and may qualify. The term “gross receipts” includes all your business income, including sales of products or services, interest, dividends, rents, royalties, fees, or commissions, reduced by returns and allowances. Generally, receipts are considered “total receipts” or “total sales” (or in the case of a sole proprietorship or self-employed individual “gross income”). If your First Draw PPP Loan was or will be forgiven, this is not included in your “gross receipts.”
- For most new PPP loans, less than $150,000, you will not need to submit documentation to show a 25% revenue reduction in 2020 relative to 2019 – at least when you apply for a loan. However, if you apply for forgiveness of your new loan, you must provide information showing a 25% revenue reduction on or before the date you apply for forgiveness.
Amount of Second Draw PPP Loan:
The amount of your new PPP loan is generally calculated in the same manner as your First Draw PPP Loan, with a few important differences.
For your Second Draw PPP Loan, you should calculate the amount of the new loan as follows:
Step 1: Find your 2019 or 2020 IRS Form 1040 Schedule C line 31 net profit amount. If you are using 2020 and have not yet filed a 2020 return, fill out a draft of a 2020 Form Schedule C using your business income and expense records and compute the net profit. If you began a new business that operated on February 20, 2020, but were not in business for 12 months in 2020 (e.g. if you began your business on February 1, 2020), you should use the net profit from the business during the period of operations in 2020. You can get a draft of the 2020 Form Schedule C on the IRS website – www.irs.gov. If the net profit amount is over $100,000, reduce it to $100,000. If this amount is zero or less, you are not eligible for a Second Draw PPP Loan.
Step 2: Calculate the average monthly net profit amount (divide the amount from Step 1 by 12, or the number of months you were in operation in 2020 if not in operation the entire year – see above).
Step 3: Multiply the average monthly net profit amount from Step 2 by 2.5.
Step 4: If you have an Economic Injury Disaster Loan (EIDL) and wish to refinance this EIDL through a Second Draw PPP Loan, add the outstanding amount of any EIDL made between January 31, 2020 and April 3, 2020 that you seek to refinance. Do not include the amount of any advance under an “EIDL COVID-19 loan” (because it does not have to be repaid).
Documents and Information to be provided with Second Draw PPP Loan application:
Second Draw PPP Loans for $150,000 or more require specific documentation with the loan application. If you seek a Second Draw PPP Loan of less than $150,000, particularly through the same bank, your bank may not require you to submit documents and information supporting your application, but you must make “certifications” concerning your business and your loan in the Second Draw PPP Loan application (new SBA Form 2483-SD). However, you may need to provide a copy of your 2019 or 2020 Form 1040 Schedule C (whichever you used to calculate the loan amount above), and another document showing you were in business on February 15, 2020, (e.g., a customer/client invoice or bank statement).
Uses of your new Second Draw PPP Loan:
The SBA has expanded the uses for a Second Draw PPP Loan, beyond the simple payment of your monthly “owner profit.” However, at least 60% of the new Second Draw PPP Loan must be used to pay your owner profit each month and cannot be more than $8,333/month or $100,000/year. Additionally, you can use your new PPP loan to pay for the following:
- Business property mortgage interest payments (but not mortgage prepayments or principal payments);
- Business rent payments;
- Business utility payments;
- Interest payments on other business loans that were incurred before February 15, 2020;
- Refinancing an SBA EIDL loan made between January 31, 2020, and April 3, 2020;
- Property damage costs (costs related to property damage and vandalism or looting due to public disturbances that occurred during 2020 that was not covered by insurance or other compensation);
- Supplier costs (expenditures made by you to a supplier for goods that are essential to the operations of the borrower at the time at which the expenditure is made and are made pursuant to a contract, order, or purchase order and that were in effect at any time before the covered period for the loan or for perishable goods, in effect before or at any time during the covered period for the loan); and
- Worker protection expenditures (generally, expenditures to purchase things used to protect you and your business from COVID-19).
For expenses other than the monthly “owner’s profit,” the total cannot exceed 40% of your new PPP loan amount.
New Second Draw PPP Loans can be forgiven just like First Draw PPP Loans. Provided you use the new loan for the purposes above, you can apply for and receive forgiveness of the new loan.
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