• Posts by Kristen Peters Watson
    Kristen Watson
    Partner

    Kristen’s practice is focused on a wide range of consumer finance issues. She represents financial institutions such as banks, auto finance companies, credit card companies, debt buyers/collectors, and mortgage lenders.

    She ...

In Mitchell v. Specialized Loan Servicing LLC, 2022 WL 17883609 (9th Cir. Dec. 23, 2022), the Ninth Circuit affirmed the district court’s dismissal of FCRA and related state law claims based on a mortgage servicer’s alleged failure to report the account as current in the payment history profile on the consumer’s credit report.

Plaintiff filed a putative class action asserting FCRA and state law claims based on the mortgage servicer’s allegedly inaccurate credit reporting. In March 2020, the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (CARES) amended the FCRA and ...

In Foster v. PNC Bank, National Association, the Seventh Circuit affirmed the dismissal of plaintiff’s Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) claim, but determined that plaintiff lacked standing because he could not show that defendant’s conduct caused his credit score to drop.

Plaintiff filed suit alleging claims for a violation of the FCRA, breach of contract, breach of the implied duty of a good faith and fair dealing, and breach of fiduciary duty. Defendant counterclaimed seeking judgment on the loan and moved for summary judgment. The district court determined that ...

The U.S. District Court for the Western District of Wisconsin recently held that Synchrony Bank did not violate the Fair Credit Reporting Act (“FCRA”) when it mistakenly requested a consumer’s credit report. In Carlson v. Synchrony Bank, No. 21-cv-077-wmc, 2022 WL 1302841 (W.D. Wis. May 2, 2022), Synchrony requested plaintiff’s credit report after a third party accidentally provided plaintiff’s social security number in connection with a credit application. When plaintiff learned that the account was opened, he contacted Synchrony to advise that he did not open the ...

Posted in: FCRA

In Woods v. LVNV Funding, LLC, --- F. 4th --- (2022), the Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals affirmed the dismissal of FDCPA and FCRA claims based upon the defendants’ collection and reporting of a fraudulently opened account.

The plaintiff, Kevin Woods, alleged someone opened an American Airlines credit card account in his name and purchased a one-way flight. American closed the account and sold it to LVNV Funding, LLC, which placed it with Resurgent Capital Services, L.P. for collection. When Woods received collection letters, he disputed the debt and told Resurgent the account ...

The U.S. District Court for the Middle District of Alabama joined a growing number of courts dismissing FCRA claims based upon a furnisher’s alleged failure to remove an “account in dispute” notation from consumer credit reports.  In Griffin v. Experian Information Solutions, Inc., No. 1:20-cv-801-RAH-SMD, 2021 WL 3782141 (M.D. Ala. Aug. 26, 2021), the plaintiff had four accounts that were marked as “in dispute.”  The plaintiff decided to dispute the “account in dispute” notation by contacting consumer reporting agencies (CRAs) rather than the furnishers ...

Tags: fcra

On April 13, 2020, the District Court of Kansas in Hampton v. Barclays Bank Delaware, No. 18-4071-DDC-ADM, 2020 WL 4698476 (D. Kan. Aug. 13, 2020), joined the Seventh and Eleventh Circuits in holding that devices that exclusively dial numbers stored in a customer database do not qualify as autodialers under the TCPA.

The Plaintiff, Anthony Hampton ("Plaintiff"), asserted numerous claims against multiple defendants, including a TCPA claim against Marketplace Loan Grantor Trust, Series 2016-LD1's ("Marketplace"). Specifically, Plaintiff claimed Marketplace violated the ...

Posted in: ATDS, TCPA

On April 13, 2020, twenty-three Attorneys General sent a joint letter urging the CFPB to withdraw its recent guidance on Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) requirements during the COVID-19 crisis.  The request came from Attorneys General of Pennsylvania, California, Colorado, the District of Columbia, Hawaii, Illinois, Iowa, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, Oregon, Puerto Rico, Rhode Island, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, and Wisconsin.

In the letter, the Attorneys General responded to the CFPB’s April 1 ...

Posted in: CFPB, FCRA
Tags: cfpb, fcra

On Friday, March 27, 2020, President Trump signed into law the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (CARES Act), an emergency spending bill providing $2 trillion in relief to individuals and businesses who have or will suffer negative economic effects of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Credit Reporting

The CARES Act amends the Fair Credit Reporting Act by creating new reporting rules in those instances where a furnisher makes an  “accommodation,” which is defined as “an agreement to defer one or more payments, make a partial payment, forbear any delinquent amounts ...

In Roark v. Credit One Bank, N.A., No. 16-173 (PAM/ECW), 2018 WL 5921652 (D. Minn. Nov. 13, 2018), the District Court of Minnesota found that calls to a reassigned phone number did not violate the TCPA because the caller's reliance on the prior owner's express consent was reasonable.

The plaintiff, Stewart Roark ("Plaintiff"), alleged Credit One Bank, N.A. ("Credit One") violated the Telephone Consumer Protection Act ("TCPA") by using an automatic dialer ("ATDS") to call his cell phone number and left a prerecorded voicemail on his phone without his consent. See generally id.

In Gonzalez v. Ocwen Loan Servicing, LLC, No. 5:18-cv-340-Oc-30PRL, 2018 WL 4217065 (M.D. Fla. Sept. 5, 2018), the Middle District of Florida determined that the D.C. Circuit's opinion in ACA International v. FCC, 885 F.3d 687 (D.C. Cir. 2018) [hereinafter "ACA"], vacated the Federal Communications Commission's ("FCC") 2003, 2008, and 2015 Orders interpreting the definition of an automatic telephone dialing system ("ATDS").

The plaintiff, Wilfredo Gonzalez ("Plaintiff"), alleged that Ocwen Loan Servicing, LLC ("Ocwen") used an ATDS to place approximately 500 calls to his ...

In Washington v. Six Continents Hotels, Inc., No. 2:16-CV-03719-ODW-JEM, 2018 WL 4092024 (C.D. Cal. Aug. 24, 2018), the Central District of California found that ACA International v. FCC, 885 F.3d 687 (D.C. Cir. 2018) [hereinafter ACA], set aside all prior FCC guidance regarding the definition of an autodialer.

The plaintiff, Eric Washington ("Plaintiff"), alleged that Six Continents Hotels, Inc. ("Six Continents") sent him numerous unsolicited text messages using an automatic telephone dialing system ("ATDS") in violation of the Telephone Consumer Protection Act ...

In Keyes v. Ocwen Loan Servicing, LLC, No. 17-cv-11492, 2018 WL 3914707 (E.D. Mich. Aug. 16, 2018), the Eastern District of Michigan determined that the system Ocwen Loan Servicing, LLC ("Ocwen") used to place calls, the Aspect Unified IP ("Aspect System"), was not an automatic telephone dialing system ("ATDS") within the meaning of the Telephone Consumer Protection Act ("TCPA").

Plaintiff Darcel Keyes ("Plaintiff") claimed Ocwen violated the TCPA by using its Aspect System to call her, despite her objections. See id. at *1. To support her claims, Plaintiff relied on an expert ...

Posted in: ATDS, Michigan, TCPA

In Harris v. Navient Solutions, LLC, No. 3:15-cv-564 (RNC), 2018 WL 3748155 (D. Conn. Aug. 7, 2018), the United States District Court for the District of Connecticut followed the Second Circuit's decision in Reyes v. Lincoln Auto. Fin. Servs., 861 F.3d 51, 56 (2d Cir. 2017), which held that the TCPA did not permit unilateral revocation of consent to calls that was part of a bargained-for exchange. See Reyes, 861 F.3d at 56.

The plaintiff, Jennifer Harris ("Plaintiff"), alleged Navient Solutions ("Navient") violated the TCPA by using an automatic telephone dialing system ("ATDS") to ...

Posted in: ATDS, Connecticut

The Northern District of Alabama recently followed the Second Circuit's holding in Reyes v. Lincoln Automotive Financial Services, 861 F.3d 51 (2d Cir. 2017), and held that consent provided in a contract as part of a bargained-for exchange could not be unilaterally revoked under the TCPA. With this holding, the Northern District of Alabama becomes the first court in the Eleventh Circuit to follow Reyes.

In Few v. Receivables Performance Management, No. 1:17-CV-2038-KOB, 2018 WL 3772863 (N.D. Ala. Aug. 9, 2018), Plaintiff alleged that Defendant violated the TCPA by calling and ...

In Edelsberg v. Vroom, Inc., No. 16-cv-62734-GAYLES, 2018 WL 1509135 (S.D. Fla. Mar. 27, 2018), the Southern District of Florida held that an advertisement directing interested persons to contact a number provided in the advertisement constituted prior express consent under the Telephone Consumer Protection Act ("TCPA").

The plaintiff, Mark Edelsberg ("Plaintiff"), posted a classified advertisement for the sale of a vehicle on Craigslist. The advertisement included the price and information about the vehicle and stated "Call XXX-XXX-6445 for more info . . . do NOT contact me ...

In Ferrer v. Bayview Loan Servicing, LLC, No. 15-20877-Civ-Scola, 2018 WL 582584 (S.D. Fla. Jan. 26, 2018), the Southern District of Florida determined that a telephone dialing system that was incapable of predictively dialing, storing, or independently producing telephone numbers and could not place a call without human input was not an automatic telephone dialing system ("ATDS") within the meaning of the Telephone Consumer Protection Act ("TCPA").

Plaintiff Maria Ferrer ("Plaintiff") filed suit against Bayview Loan Servicing, LLC and other defendants ("Bayview ...

Posted in: Florida, TCPA

In Kristensen v. Credit Payment Services, Inc., --- F.3d ---, 2018 WL 343758 (9th Cir. 2018), the Ninth Circuit recently held that three lenders and two marketing companies could not be vicariously liable under the TCPA for text messages sent in connection with marketing campaigns.

Plaintiff Flemming Kristensen received a text message containing a link to apply for a loan. The text was generated in connection with a marketing campaign undertaken by three lenders, Enova International, Inc., Pioneer Financial Services, Inc., and Credit Payment Services, Inc. Each lender entered ...

In Latner v. Mt. Sinai Health System, Inc., ___ F.3d ___, 2018 WL 265085 (2d Cir. 2018), the Second Circuit recently held that a single flu shot reminder text does not violate the TCPA when a patient gives prior express consent to be contacted.

David Latner ("Latner") filed a putative class action against Mt. Sinai Health System, Inc. ("Mt. Sinai") and West Park Medical Group, P.C. ("WPMG") alleging that defendants violated § 227(b)(1)(A)(iii) of the TCPA by sending him a single flu shot reminder text. Defendants moved for judgment on the pleadings, and the district court granted their ...

In Breda v. Cellco Partnership, No. 16-11512-DJC, 2017 WL 5586661 (D. Ma. Nov. 17, 2017), the plaintiff, Robin Breda ("Plaintiff") claimed Cellco Partnership ("Cellco") violated § 227(b)(1) of the Telephone Consumer Protection Act ("TCPA") by calling her cell phone number with recorded messages regarding another person's Verizon account. Under § 227(b)(1)(A)(iii) of the TCPA, calls "to any telephone number assigned to a paging service, cellular telephone service, . . . or any service for which the called party is charged for the call" made using an automatic telephone dialing ...

Posted in: TCPA

On October 20, 2017, the Second Circuit Court of Appeals denied a petition for panel rehearing, or in the alternative, for rehearing en banc of its decision in Reyes v. Lincoln Automotive Financial Services, 861 F. 3d 51 (2d Cir. 2017). By denying the petition for rehearing, the Second Circuit implicitly affirmed its holding that the TCPA does not permit a party to a bilateral contract to unilaterally revoke a contractual provision in which the party consented to receive calls.

In the underlying appeal, the plaintiff, Alberto Reyes, Jr. ("Reyes"), argued that the defendant, Lincoln ...

Posted in: TCPA

In a case of first impression, the Eleventh Circuit recently held that a voicemail constitutes a "communication" under the FDCPA, and can thus trigger the mini-Miranda requirement, but an individual collecting on behalf of a debt collector is not required to disclose his or her identity in order to comply with the "meaningful disclosure" requirement under the FDCPA.

In Hart v. Credit Control, LLC, ___ F.3d ___, 2017 WL 4216029 (11th Cir. 2017), Plaintiff Stacey Hart filed suit alleging that Credit Control, LLC's voicemail violated § 1692e(11) of the FDCPA by failing to include the ...

Posted in: FDCPA

In Pedro v. Equifax, Inc., --- F.3d ---, 2017 WL 3623926 (11th Cir. 2017), the Eleventh Circuit held that it was not objectively unreasonable for TransUnion, LLC to interpret section 1681e(b) of the Fair Credit Report Act ("FCRA") to allow it report an account belonging to an authorized user.

Kathleen Pedro filed a putative class action alleging that TransUnion willfully violated section 1681e(b), which requires consumer reporting agencies to "follow reasonable procedures to assure maximum possible accuracy," when it reported her parents' credit card account for which she was an ...

The West Virginia Senate Judiciary Committee and the West Virginia Senate recently approved amendments to the West Virginia Consumer Credit and Protection Act ("WVCCPA"), West Virginia Code §§ 46A-1-101 et seq, which was last amended in 2015. While the original versions of the senate bills sought to make the WVCCPA more similar to the federal Fair Debt Collection Practices Act ("FDCPA"), 15 U.S.C. §§ 1692 et seq., the committee substitute of S.B. 563 includes only minor amendments. Among other things, the proposed amendments:

  • Clarify how notice of attorney representation must ...
Posted in: FDCPA, West Virginia

In the consolidated cases Espejo v. Santander Consumer USA Inc., No. 11 C 8987, 2016 WL 6037625 (N.D. Ill. Oct. 14, 2016) and Levins v. Santander Consumer USA Inc., No. 12 C 9431, 2016 WL 6037 (N.D. Ill. Oct. 14, 2016), the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Illinois denied Plaintiff Faye Levins' motion to certify a class pursuant Fed. R. Civ. P. 23(b)(3), finding that Levins failed to meet the prerequisites for class certification. While the court denied Levins' motion for class certification, it granted in part and denied in part Santander Consumer USA Inc.'s ...

In Edwards v. Macy's, Inc., --- F. Supp. 3d ---, 2016 WL 922221 (S.D.N.Y. Mar. 9, 2016), the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York recently held that state law claims arising from plaintiff's enrollment in a debt cancellation program were preempted by the National Bank Act ("NBA") and accompanying regulations promulgated by the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency ("OCC"). Further, the court held that the claims against both the national bank and the corporation acting on behalf of the national bank were preempted, even though the corporation was not a ...

In Gensel v. Performant Technologies, Inc., No. 13-C-1196, 2015 WL 6158072, (E.D. Wisc. Oct. 20, 2015), the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Wisconsin granted Performant Technologies, Inc.'s ("Performant") motion to continue the stay pending judicial review of the FCC's July 10 Order. Plaintiff filed suit against Performant alleging violations of the TCPA based on several calls she received from Performant on her cell phone. Plaintiff's cell phone provider assigned her a number that was previously assigned a person who defaulted on a student loan. Performant ...

The Eleventh Circuit Court of Appeals recently held that unaccepted Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 68 offers of judgment to the named plaintiffs that, if accepted, would have provided all relief that plaintiffs sought, neither moots the individual plaintiff's claims or the putative class action. Thus, the strategy to make an offer of judgment to render the case moot and prevent class certification may no longer be viable strategy in the Eleventh Circuit. In Stein v. Buccaneers Limited Partnership, --- F.3d ---, 2014 WL 6734819 (11th Cir. 2014), six named plaintiffs filed suit ...

In Gruber v. Creditors' Protection Service, Inc., --- F.3d ---, 2014 WL 292086 (7th Cir. 2014), the Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals recently held that letters directing consumers to request verification rather than dispute the debt did not violate the FDCPA. The Seventh Circuit also held that the phrase "[w]e believe you want to pay your just debt" was mere puffery and did not violate the FDCPA. Plaintiffs filed lawsuits against separate defendants alleging that debt collection letters violated the FDCPA because they did not contain adequate notice required by section ...

The Connecticut Court of Appeals recently found that the prohibition of yield spread premiums in the Dodd-Frank Act did not establish a per se violation of a fraud claim under the Connecticut Unfair Trade Practices Act ("CUTPA"). In CitiMortgage, Inc. v. Coolbeth, --- A.3d ---, 2013 WL 6448883 (Conn. Ct. App. Dec. 17, 2013), CitiMortgage filed a foreclosure action against the defendant mortgagors. The mortgagors filed special defenses and a counterclaim alleging that the mortgage broker falsely represented a higher interest rate, that CitiMortgage paid the mortgage broker a ...

In Henning v. Wachovia Mortg., FSB, No. 11-11428-WGY, 2013 WL 5229837 (D. Mass. Sept. 17, 2013), the U.S. District Court for the District of Massachusetts recently agreed with numerous decisions of other courts finding that the preemption provisions of the Dodd-Frank Act do not apply retroactively. Plaintiff, a mortgagor, filed suit against Wachovia Mortgage raising a number of claims based on Wachovia's purported wrongful conduct in providing him with a subprime stated-income loan knowing that he would likely default. After removal, Wachovia moved to dismiss based on ...

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit recently held that waiving any and all claims as part of loan restructuring agreements applied to a claim under the Equal Credit Opportunity Act ("ECOA"). In Ballard v. Bank of America, N.A., --- F.3d ---, 2013 WL 5814757 (4th Cir. 2013), the plaintiff filed suit alleging that the lender violated the ECOA by requiring her to guarantee loans to her husband's business. The plaintiff's husband obtained a business loan and, after defaulting on the loan, sought to restructure the debt. The lender required the plaintiff to guarantee the ...

Posted in: ECOA, Fourth Circuit

The U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of New York recently held that tax liens, which included municipal water and sewer charges, were not debts under the FDCPA. Additionally, the court found that efforts to foreclose tax liens constituted the enforcement of a security interest, which was not subject to the FDCPA.

In Boyd v. J.E. Robert Co., No. 05-CV-2455, 2013 WL 5436969 (E.D.N.Y. Sept. 27, 2013), plaintiffs filed a putative class action alleging violations of the FDCPA. After the District Court granted defendants' motions for summary judgment, plaintiffs filed a ...

Posted in: FDCPA

In Thomas v. CitiMortgage, Inc., No. 12-40122-FDS, 2013 WL 4786060 (D. Mass. Sept. 5, 2013), the U.S. District Court for the District of Massachusetts recently addressed preemption under the Dodd-Frank Act. While the court found that the Dodd-Frank amendment limited the preemptive scope of the HOLA, it held that the amendment did not apply retroactively. Additionally, the court held, for the first time, that a bank that table-funds a loan is considered the original lender for the purposes of the HOLA preemption analysis that existed prior to Dodd-Frank's enactment. Plaintiff ...

In Hartman v. Smith, --- F.3d ---, 2013 WL 4407058 (8th Cir. 2013), the Court of Appeals for the Eight Circuit extended its prior holding and held that a borrower must file suit before foreclosure to exercise his or her right of rescission under the TILA. Plaintiffs RogerHartman, Mavis Hartman, and Maul Lee Hartman filed suit against defendants alleging violations of the TILA and state law. The district court granted summary judgment in favor of defendants on plaintiffs' TILA rescission claim and various state law claims, and the jury found for defendants on the remaining claims ...

Posted in: Eighth Circuit, TILA

The FTC and CFPB recently filed an amici curae brief supporting the U.S. District Court for the Central District of Illinois's decision denying defendants' motion to dismiss Plaintiff Juanita Delgado's Fair Debt Collection Practices Act ("FDCPA") claims. The brief was filed in connection with the CFPB's amicus program, which was announced in August 2012. In Delgado v. Capital Management Services, LP, Case No. 13-2030 (7th Cir. Aug. 14, 2013), Delgado filed a putative class action against a defendant debt collector and its affiliated companies alleging violations of the FDCPA ...

Posted in: CFPB, FDCPA, Illinois

The U.S. District Court for the Western District of Pennsylvania recently held that obtaining a credit report for assistance in the collection of a debt constitutes a permissible purpose under § 1681b(a)(3)(A) of the FCRA. In Fritz v. Capital Management Services, LP, No. 2:12-cv-1725, 2013 WL 4648370 (W.D. Pa. Aug. 29, 2013), the plaintiff filed suit against the defendant debt collector alleging violations of the FCRA after the defendant inquired into her credit history upon placement of plaintiff's account with the defendant. It was undisputed that the plaintiff never ...

Posted in: FCRA, Pennsylvania

In Murphy v. DirecTV, Inc., --- F.3d ---, 2013 WL 3889158 (9th Cir. July 30, 2013), consumers brought a putative class action against DirecTV and Best Buy alleging violations of California's Unfair Competition Law and the Consumer Legal Remedies Act. Plaintiffs claimed that defendants purported to sell receivers and DVRs when, in fact, they were leased to consumers on unfair terms. Defendants moved to compel plaintiffs' claims to arbitration and the U.S. District Court for the Central District of California denied their motion on the ground that Discover Bank v. Superior Court, 113 ...

In Brown v. DIRECTV, LLC, No. CV 12-08382, 2013 WL 3273811 (C.D. Cal. June 26, 2013), the U.S. District Court for the Central District of California held that Telephone Consumer Protection Act ("TCPA") claims based on collection calls were arbitrable since they related to the customer agreement. Plaintiff Joshua Brown filed suit against DIRECTV and others alleging violations of the TCPA based on automated collection calls on his account. DIRECTV moved to compel Brown's claims to arbitration. Brown ordered DIRECTV satellite service online and was presented with "DIRECTV Terms and ...

Posted in: TCPA

In matter of first impression, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit recently held that section 1692g(a)(3) does not require a debtor to dispute a debt in writing. The court noted the circuit split on this issue and acknowledged that the Third Circuit has held that a notice requiring the debtor to dispute the debt in writing does not violate the FDCPA. See Graziano v. Harrison, 950 F.2d 107 (3d Cir. 1991). Conversely, the Ninth Circuit has held that it does. See Camacho v. Bridgeport Financial, Inc., 430 F.3d 1078 (9th Cir. 2005). In Hooks v. Forman, Holt, Eliades & Ravin, LLC

Posted in: FDCPA

In Joy v. MERSCORP, Inc., No. 5:10-CV-218-FL, 2013 WL 1246856 (E.D.N.C. Mar. 27, 2013), the Eastern District of North Carolina held that a borrower stated a claim for a violation of the FDCPA against a loan servicer in connection with documents filed in foreclosure proceedings. The plaintiff sued several defendants alleging a violation of § 1692e of the FDCPA claiming that the defendants filed false, deceptive, and misleading documents in connection with foreclosure proceedings. Nationwide Trustee Services, Inc. ("Nationwide") moved for a judgment on the pleadings, and Litton ...

Posted in: FDCPA

The Tenth Circuit recently held that a borrower presented sufficient evidence of actual damages to sustain a FCRA claim against a loan servicing company. The Tenth Circuit also affirmed the district court's decision to dismiss the FCRA claim with respect to a willful violation and the FDCPA claim. In Llewellyn v. Allstate Home Loans, Inc., --- F.3d ---, 2013 WL 1238615 (10th Cir. Mar. 28, 2013), the plaintiff filed suit against a loan servicing company and law firm retained to commence foreclosure proceedings alleging violations of the FDCPA, FCRA, and state law. The district court ...

Posted in: FCRA, FDCPA, Tenth Circuit

In Stinson v. Receivables Management Bureau, Inc., No. 2:12-cv-02558, 2013 WL 1278966 (N.D. Ala. Mar. 26, 2013), an Alabama federal court recently held that a debt collector's telephone calls made to a non-debtor did not violate the FDCPA when the actual debtor provided the telephone number and the non-debtor plaintiff failed to inform the debt collector of the error. Plaintiff Jesse Stinson filed suit against Receivables Management Bureau, Inc. ("RMBI") alleging violations of the FDCPA and state law after RMBI made several telephone calls to his house attempting to collect a debt ...

Posted in: Alabama, FDCPA

For the first time, a federal court in Alabama addressed preemption under the Dodd-Frank Act. Under the Dodd-Frank Act, subsidiaries and affiliates of national banks can no longer argue that state laws are preempted. While the court held that the Dodd-Frank Amendment did not apply retroactively and found that the plaintiffs' claims were preempted, it noted the changed status of subsidiaries and affiliates of national banks in light of the Dodd-Frank Amendment. In Selman v. CitiMortgage, the plaintiffs filed suit against their mortgage loan servicer, the investor, and the insurer ...

A federal court in Pennsylvania recently held that a "Quick Response Code" ("QR Code") located on an envelope that contained a debt collection letter did not violate Section 1692f of the FDCPA. In Waldron v. Professional Medical Management, the plaintiff sued the defendant debt collection firm after it sent him collection letter bearing a QR Code that was visible through the pane of the envelope and, when scanned, showed the plaintiff's name, address, and a nineteen digit code. No. 12-1863, 2013 WL 978933 (E.D. Pa. Mar. 13, 2013). The defendant moved for summary judgment. In support of ...

Posted in: FDCPA, Pennsylvania

In Caprio v. Healthcare Revenue Recovery Group, LLC, --- F.3d ---, 2013 WL 765169 (3d Cir. Mar. 1, 2013), the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit recently held that language in a debt collection letter asking the plaintiff to "please call" if the plaintiff disputed the amount owed violated the debt validation and false representation provisions of the FDCPA. Plaintiff Ray Caprio filed a putative class action against Healthcare Revenue Recovery Group, LLC ("HRRG") alleging violations of § § 1692g and 1692e(10) of the FDCPA based on a collection letter he received that contained ...

Amending its prior opinion and broadening its interpretation of the standard for "prior consent" under the Telephone Consumer Protection Act ("TCPA"), the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals recently held that "[p]ursuant to the FCC ruling, prior express consent is consent to call a particular telephone number in connection with a particular debt that is given before the call in question is placed." In January 2008, the FCC issued a declaratory ruling stating that "prior express consent is deemed to be granted only if the wireless number was provided by the consumer to the creditor ...
Posted in: TCPA

Declining to follow the majority of district court decisions within its circuit, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit, in Glazer v. Chase Home Finance LLC, --- F.3d ---, 2013 WL 141699 (6th Cir. Jan. 14, 2013), recently held that mortgage foreclosure constitutes debt collection under the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act ("FDCPA"). A borrower filed suit against his mortgage servicing company and its debt collection law firm, alleging violations of the FDCPA and state law arising out of a foreclosure action. The mortgage servicer and law firm moved to dismiss Glazer's ...

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