• Posts by Reid S. Manley
    Reid Manley
    Partner

    Reid focuses on financial services litigation, representing clients across the country and serving as a leader in several national attorney organizations.

    With a practice concentrated on consumer finance, he primarily ...

In just a few days, on July 31, 2021, the national moratoriums on residential evictions and foreclosures are set to expire.  With this deadline fast approaching, the Biden administration announced a new mortgage relief plan on July 23 to provide relief for individuals with federally-backed mortgages who might soon face the possibility of losing their homes.

The new program is aimed at reducing the monthly payments for individuals with qualifying mortgage loans.  Borrowers struggling to make their payments and facing foreclosure as the moratorium ends can negotiate a reduction in ...

On May 5, 2021, the United States District Court for the District of Columbia issued an opinion that the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention ("CDC") exceeded its statutory authority by issuing and extending a nationwide moratorium on evictions during the COVID-19 pandemic. See Alabama Association of Realtors v. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, No. 20-cv-3377 (DLF) (D.D.C. May 5, 2021). A judgment was entered vacating the moratorium, which was set to expire on June 30, 2021. However, the court entered a stay of this judgment pending the outcome of an appeal to the ...

On September 4, 2020, the CDC issued a broad order temporarily halting evictions nationwide, citing the COVID-19 pandemic as its basis. 85 Fed. Reg. 55,292 (Sept. 4, 2020). The CDC determined that such a moratorium was necessary to encourage isolation and social distancing for individuals who might become homeless or forced to move in with a larger group upon eviction. Initially, the moratorium was set to expire on December 31, 2020, but has since been extended, currently set to expire on June 30, 2021. However, after a recent ruling from the United States District Court for the ...

Posted in: COVID-19

On April 29, 2020, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) issued an interpretive rule allowing certain consumers to modify to waive certain waiting periods required under the Truth in Lending Act (TILA) and the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA). Per the CFPB, this interpretive rule is intended to ease the way for consumers with urgent financial needs to obtain access to mortgage credit more quickly during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Ordinarily, the TILA-RESPA Integrated Disclosure (TRID) Rule imposes certain disclosure requirements and waiting periods ...

Posted in: CFPB, TILA

On April 22, 2020, the Federal Housing Finance Agency announced that it is allowing Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac (the “GSEs”) to purchase loans that go into forbearance within the first month after closing. Previously, the GSEs were not permitted to purchase loans that were in forbearance. According to the FHFA, this change, prompted by the rising number of forbearances due to the COVID-19 pandemic, is geared toward the purpose of keeping the mortgage market “working for current and future homeowners during these challenging times.”

Guide bulletins issued by the GSEs ...

On April 2, 2020, in light of the COVID-19 pandemic, Governor Ron DeSantis of Florida entered Executive Order 20-94, requiring a 45-day suspension of “any statute providing for a mortgage foreclosure cause of action under Florida law.” The Executive Order also requires a 45-day suspension of statutes providing for a cause of action for residential eviction.

Presumably, the Governor ordered the suspension of any statute providing for foreclosure and eviction causes of action in light of § 252.36(5)(a), Florida Statutes, which allows the Governor to suspend any “regulatory ...

Among a myriad of disruptions to the economy caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, mortgage lenders and servicers are working to adapt to new moratoriums and regulations affecting residential mortgage loans.

First, pursuant to a March 18, 2020 order by the Federal Housing Finance Agency and the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (“CARES Act”) signed into law by President Trump, servicers of federally-backed mortgage loans are prohibited from initiating any judicial or non-judicial foreclosure process, moving for the entry of a foreclosure judgment or an order ...

In Gensel v. Performant Technologies, Inc., No. 13-C-1196, 2015 WL 6158072, (E.D. Wisc. Oct. 20, 2015), the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Wisconsin granted Performant Technologies, Inc.'s ("Performant") motion to continue the stay pending judicial review of the FCC's July 10 Order. Plaintiff filed suit against Performant alleging violations of the TCPA based on several calls she received from Performant on her cell phone. Plaintiff's cell phone provider assigned her a number that was previously assigned a person who defaulted on a student loan. Performant ...

This case arose from a dispute regarding where housing for low-income persons should be constructed in Dallas, Texas-that is, whether low-income housing projects that received government tax credits should be built in the predominantly white suburbs or the predominantly minority-represented inner city. The case was founded on a disparate impact theory of liability. In contrast to a disparate treatment theory, where a plaintiff must establish that the defendant employed a discriminatory intent or motive, a disparate impact claim challenges practices that have a ...

In Etta Lowery v. Wells Fargo Home Mortgage, No. 2131060, 2015 WL 1525153 (Ala. Civ. App. Apr. 3, 2015), the Alabama Court of Civil Appeals reversed the trial court's judgment on the pleadings entered in favor of Defendant-Appellee Wells Fargo on Plaintiff-Appellant Etta Lowery's claims relating to the notarization of her mortgage. Lowery had filed a complaint in the trial court against Wells Fargo alleging that her mortgage with Wells Fargo was void because it was notarized by a person she had never met. She also alleged that Wells Fargo concealed the improper notarization from her ...

Posted in: Alabama

The United States Supreme Court recently held in Jesinoski v. Countrywide Home Loans, Inc., et al., 574 U.S. -- (2015), that the Truth in Lending Act's ("TILA") recission provision, 15 U.S.C. § 1635, does not require a borrower to file a lawsuit within the three-year time period under 15 U.S.C. § 1635(f) in order to rescind. The Jesinoski borrowers had refinanced their mortgage in 2007. Exactly three years later, the borrowers sent their lender and loan servicer a letter purporting to rescind the transaction. The lender and loan servicer refused to acknowledge the recission. One ...

In Bryan v. Federal National Mortgage Association, 2014 WL 2988097 (M.D. Fla. July 2, 2014), plaintiffs alleged violations of RESPA and the applicable regulations set forth in 24 C.F.R. § 3500 and 12 C.F.R. § 1024.30, et seq. (Regulation X) against Seterus and Fannie Mae, respectively. The facts alleged that Fannie Mae was the "master servicer" of the note and mortgage, and Seterus was the "subservicer" of the note and mortgage. Specifically, plaintiffs alleged that defendants Seterus, and Fannie Mae by the failure of Seterus, failed to take timely action to respond to ...

In Osorio v. State Farm Bank, F.S.B., No. 13-10951 (11th Cir. Mar. 28, 2014), the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit reversed and remanded a Florida district court's grant of defendant's motion for summary judgment on plaintiff's Telephone Consumer Protection Act ("TCPA") claim. Specifically, Plaintiff Fredy Osorio brought suit against State Farm Bank under 47 U.S.C. § 227, which "provides a damages remedy for cellular-phone subscribers who receive autodialed phone calls without having given prior express consent to receive such calls." Id. The Eleventh ...

In Osorio v. State Farm Bank, F.S.B., No. 13-10951 (11th Cir. Mar. 28, 2014), the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit reversed and remanded a Florida district court's grant of defendant's motion for summary judgment on plaintiff's Telephone Consumer Protection Act ("TCPA") claim. Specifically, Plaintiff Fredy Osorio brought suit against State Farm Bank under 47 U.S.C. § 227, which "provides a damages remedy for cellular-phone subscribers who receive autodialed phone calls without having given prior express consent to receive such calls." Id. The Eleventh ...

In Dzakula v. McHugh, No. 11-16404, 2013 WL 6483614 (9th Cir. Dec. 11, 2013), the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit affirmed the dismissal of an action on the ground of judicial estoppel where the plaintiff failed to identify the action as an asset on her bankruptcy schedules. The plaintiff did not amend the bankruptcy schedules until after the defendant filed a motion to dismiss, leading the court to infer that her omission had not been inadvertent. Distinguishing its recent decision Ah Quin v. County of Kauai Department of Transportation, 733 F.3d 267 (9th Cir. 2013), the ...

The Northern District of West Virginia, applying the FCC's May 9, 2013 Declaratory Ruling in Dish Network, LLC, 28 F.C.C.Rcd. 6574, recently held that "on behalf of" liability found in §227(c) (5) of the TCPA does not require a formal agency relationship, but can instead rely on principals of apparent authority and ratification to establish vicarious liability under the TCPA. In Mey v. Monitronics Int'l., ---F.Supp.2d---, 2013 WL 4105430 (N.D.W.Va. 2013), the plaintiff sued three defendants for violation of the Telephone Consumer Protection Act's prohibition against calls to ...

Posted in: TCPA, West Virginia

In Giovanniello v. ALM Media, LLC, No. 10-3854-CV, --- F.3d ---, 2013 WL 4016567 (2d Cir. Aug. 8, 2013), the Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit held that (1) the federal four-year statute of limitations applies to claims under the Telephone Consumer Protection Act, 47 U.S.C. § 227 ("TCPA"); and (2) the tolling of the limitations period during the pendency of a putative class action ceases upon the initial denial of class status. In an earlier decision, the Second Circuit applied the state-law statute of limitations and affirmed the dismissal of the plaintiff's TCPA claim as ...

Posted in: Second Circuit, TCPA

In Topchian v. JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., Case No. 12-0910-CV-W-ODS, 2013 WL 1628525 (W.D. Mo. April 16, 2013), the Western District Court of Missouri granted Defendant, JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A.'s ("Defendant") motion to dismiss pro se Plaintiff, Samvel Tochian's ("Plaintiff"), Amended Complaint for the alleged failure to provide adequate opportunity to the federal Home Affordable Modification Program ("HAMP") and related claims. See generallyid. The District Court, citing various prior court holdings, held that there is not private right of action for loan ...

The United States Bankruptcy Panel of the First Circuit held that the Home Owner's Loan Act ("HOLA"), 12 U.S.C. § 1461 et seq. preempted certain Massachusetts statutory claims in the recent case Frykberg v. JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. (In re Frykberg), No. 12-050, 2013 WL 1704701 (B.A.P. 1st Cir. Apr. 18, 2013). There, the debtor filed an adversary complaint against JP Morgan Chase Bank, N.A. ("Chase") alleging claims under the Massachusetts Consumer Credit Cost Disclosure Act, Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 140D, § 8, and the Massachusetts Predatory Home Loan Practices Act, Mass. Gen. Laws ...

In Dang v. Bank of America, N.A., et al., 2013 WL 1683820 (D.Md. Apr. 17, 2013), the federal district court for the District of Maryland, on appeal of two orders from the United States Bankruptcy Court for the District of Maryland, found the bankruptcy court possessed jurisdiction and authority to dismiss Dang's claims against Bank of America and related entities in the adversary proceeding. Dang was familiar with the bankruptcy process. Between May 2009 and March 2010, she filed bankruptcy three times. Her bankruptcies originated with the execution of a promissory note and deed of ...

Posted in: Bankruptcy, Maryland

In Florence Mussat, M.D., S.C. v. Global Healthcare Resource, LLC, 2013 WL 1087551 (N.D. Ill. March 13, 2013), the North District Court of Illinois for the Eastern Division granted a Motion for Class Certification for claims relating to alleged Telephone Consumer Protection Act ("TCPA") violations and state law claims. In February of 2011, Defendant, Global Healthcare Resource, LLC ("GHR") sent a fax to Plaintiff, Florence Mussat, M.D., S.C. ("Mussat"), on behalf of Physician Billing Services ("PBS"), stating that PBS is a subsidiary of GHR that provides medical ...

Posted in: Illinois, TCPA

A federal court in Pennsylvania recently held that a "Quick Response Code" ("QR Code") located on an envelope that contained a debt collection letter did not violate Section 1692f of the FDCPA. In Waldron v. Professional Medical Management, the plaintiff sued the defendant debt collection firm after it sent him collection letter bearing a QR Code that was visible through the pane of the envelope and, when scanned, showed the plaintiff's name, address, and a nineteen digit code. No. 12-1863, 2013 WL 978933 (E.D. Pa. Mar. 13, 2013). The defendant moved for summary judgment. In support of ...

Posted in: FDCPA, Pennsylvania

In Wassef v. JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., No. CV-12-02480-PHX-DGC, 2013 WL 1123678 (D. Ariz. Mar. 18, 2013), the United States District Court for the District of Arizona granted a motion to dismiss where the claims were premised on an alleged repayment agreement. There, the plaintiffs had taken out a loan from Chase Bank, N.A. to refinance their home. The loan was secured with a deed of trust on the property. The plaintiffs later entered into a HAMP modification agreement with Chase, but they were unable to make their payments under the modification. The plaintiffs alleged that Chase ...

Posted in: Mortgages

Oratai Culhane v. Aurora Loan Services of Nebraska

United States Court of Appeals

First Circuit

February 15, 2013

Relevant Facts: In April 2006, Culhane refinanced a mortgage on her single family home and delivered a promissory note to Preferred Financial Group, Inc. d/b/a Preferred Mortgage Services (the "Lender" or "Preferred"). Culhane simultaneously executed a mortgage in favor of MERS as nominee for Preferred and Preferred's successors and assigns. After making the loan, Preferred transferred Culhane's note to Deutsche Bank Trust Company Americas ("Deutsche" ...

Marx v. General Revenue Corp.

United States Supreme Court

Opinion Date: February 26, 2013

On Tuesday, the Supreme Court of the United States issued an opinion in Marx v. General Revenue Corp., 568 U.S. ___, 2013 WL 673254 (February 26, 2013), holding that "a district court may award costs to prevailing defendants in Fair Debt Collection Practices Act ("FDCPA") cases without finding that the plaintiff brought the case in bad faith and for the purpose of harassment." Id. at 2. 15 U.S.C. § 1692k(a)(3) of the FDCPA allows for the recovery of attorney's fees and costs by a defendant in an ...
Posted in: FDCPA
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