Facebook, Inc. v. Duguid, et. al., No. 19-511, 2021 WL 1215717 (S.Ct. April 1, 2021)
On April 1, 2021, the United States Supreme Court released its much anticipated decision addressing the definition the phrase “Automatic Telephone Dialing System” (“ATDS”) used in the Telephone Consumer Protection Act, 47 U.S.C. § 227 (“TCPA”). At issue in the underlying case was whether technology used to send a text message constituted an ATDS. Writing for the Court, Justice Sotomayor, joined by Justices, Roberts, Thomas, Breyer, Kagan, Gorsuch, Kavanaugh and Barrett, wasted no ...
Elizabeth Panzarella v. Navient Solutions, LLC, No. 18-3735, 2020 WL 3250508 (E.D. Pa. June 16, 2020)
Two Plaintiffs filed suit relating to calls Defendant made when a relative’s loan became delinquent. Defendant moved for summary judgment on Plaintiffs’ Telephone Consumer Protection Act, 47 U.S.C. § 227 (“TCPA”) claims, arguing that the calls were not made using an Automatic Telephone Dialing System (“ATDS”). The TCPA prohibits, in part, calls to a person’s cell phone using an ATDS without their prior express consent. The TCPA defines an ATDS as “equipment that ...
A .pdf copy of the Glasser opinion can be found here.
The Telephone Consumer Protection Act (“TCPA” or the “Act”) has limited telephone calls that can be placed using certain automated equipment since 1991. However, since passage of the Act there has been considerable debate about the type of automated equipment subject to the Act’s restrictions. The TCPA specifically restricts the use of any “automated telephone dialing system” ("ATDS"). The statute defines ATDS as “equipment which has the capacity—(A) to store or produce telephone numbers to be called using a ...
Last month, in Duguid v. Facebook, Inc., 17-15320, 2019 WL 2454853 (9th Cir. June 13, 2019), the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit (“Ninth Circuit”) held that the debt collection exception to the Telephone Consumer Protection Act (“TCPA”), 47 U.S.C. § 227(b)(1)(A)(iii), violates the First Amendment because it is content-based and fails to pass strict scrutiny review. Duguid is not a Facebook user and did not consent to be contacted by Facebook. Duguid alleged that Facebook violated the TCPA in 2014 by sending text message notifications to his cell phone ...
Reassigned NumbersSteward v. Credit One Bank, N.A., No. 16-173 (PAM/ECW), 2018 WL 5921652 (D. Minn. Nov. 13, 2018)
By: Joshua H. Threadcraft
Plaintiff filed suit alleging Defendant violated the TCPA by calling his recently assigned cell phone number 140 times to collect debt from another, including leaving 4 prerecorded messages. Defendant moved for summary judgment arguing that: (1) Its phone system was not an Automatic Telephone Dialing System (ATDS); and (2) It was reasonable to rely on consent from the previous subscriber when calling Plaintiff.
With respect to the first ...
Gaza v. Auto Glass America, LLC, No. 8:17-cv-1811-T-27AEP, 2018 WL 5775915 (M.D. Fla. Nov. 2, 2018)
Plaintiff alleged that he received five text messages, asserting claims for violation of the TCPA. Defendant moved for summary judgment, contending Plaintiff failed to produce evidence establishing that an ATDS was used to send the text messages. The Court began its analysis, noting that to succeed on his claim, Plaintiff must establish Defendant sent the text messages using an ATDS and that "[t]he essential function of an ATDS is 'the capacity to dial numbers without human ...
In Gonzalez v. Ocwen Loan Servicing, LLC, No. 5:18-cv-340-Oc-30PRL, 2018 WL 4217065 (M.D. Fla. Sept. 5, 2018), the Middle District of Florida determined that the D.C. Circuit's opinion in ACA International v. FCC, 885 F.3d 687 (D.C. Cir. 2018) [hereinafter "ACA"], vacated the Federal Communications Commission's ("FCC") 2003, 2008, and 2015 Orders interpreting the definition of an automatic telephone dialing system ("ATDS").
The plaintiff, Wilfredo Gonzalez ("Plaintiff"), alleged that Ocwen Loan Servicing, LLC ("Ocwen") used an ATDS to place approximately 500 calls to his ...
Harris v. Navient Solutions, LLC, No. 3:15-cv-546, 2018 WL 3748155 (D. Conn. Aug. 7, 2018)
Plaintiff signed promissory notes to secure student loans in which she provided her telephone number, agreed to update Defendant if her number changed and to the following clause:
"This Note may be modified only if you put the modification in writing and the modification is agreed to by any borrower or cosigner . . . I understand that you may use automated telephone dialing equipment or an artificial or prerecorded voice message to contact me in connection with this loan or loan application. You may ...
Pinkus v. Sirius XM Radio, Inc., No. 16 C 10858, 2018 WL 3586186 (N.D. Ill. July 26, 2018)
Plaintiff filed suit, alleging Defendant violated the TCPA by, among other things, placing more than 100 calls to his cell phone using an Automatic Telephone Dialing System (ATDS). After the D.C. Circuit's decision invalidating the 2015 FCC Declaratory Ruling in ACA International, Defendant sought dismissal of Plaintiff's claims, arguing that the technology used to place calls did not meet the plain language definition of an ATDS in the TCPA. Plaintiff disagreed, contending Defendant used a ...
Both the House and Senate have proposed legislation that could have profound implications on TCPA litigation. The companion legislation introduced by Democratic Congressman Frank Pallone, Jr. and Senator Ed Markey entitled "Stopping Bad Robocalls Act" seeks to, among other things:
- Defines a "Robocall": As a call or text using equipment that makes a series of calls to stored telephone numbers, including numbers stored on a list, or to telephone numbers produced using a random or sequential number generator, except for calls made using only equipment that the caller demonstrates ...
On May 14, 2018, in the wake of the landmark decision ACA International v. FCC, 855 F.3d 687 (D.C. Cir. 2018), the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) issued a Public Notice seeking comment on a myriad of topics including:
- What constitutes an Automatic Telephone Dialing System (ATDS) in light of the Court of Appeals' finding that the agency's "'capacious understanding of the device's 'capacity' lies considerably beyond the agency's zone of delegated authority"
- What functions a devise must be able to perform to qualify as an ATDS. The Court of Appeals' noted the FCC has defined the ...
The world of Telephone Consumer Protection Act (TCPA) litigation is constantly changing. With this evolution, new issues arise on almost a daily basis, challenging those prosecuting and defending these claims. A recent and increasingly litigated issue that both Plaintiff's and Defense counsel agree will likely serve as the next battleground of TCPA litigation is whether calls are made using an Automatic Telephone Dialing System, and particularly:
(1) What constitutes "capacity" as the term is used in the TCPA; and
(2) The level of human intervention necessary to remove a call ...
Colette Jenkins v. MGage, LLC, No. 1:14-cv-2791-WSD (N.D. Ga. Aug. 12, 2016)
Plaintiff filed this TCPA lawsuit after receiving 150 text messages over an approximately one year period during which she tried to stop the messages on 17 occasions. Defendant moved for summary judgment, contending the messages were not sent using an Automatic Telephone Dialing System (ATDS) but rather as a result of human intervention. Thus, Defendant argued, since it did not use an ATDS (a vital component of a TCPA claim) to send the messages, the claim should be dismissed.
Granting summary judgment in ...
Thirty-eight members of the Senate and House of Representatives wrote Federal Communications Commission Chairman Tom Wheeler, asking the FCC to limit application of Section 301, to "accomplish several important consumer protection objectives:"
- Issue an immediate pronouncement stating that no calls can be made pursuant to Section 301, until the FCC finalizes regulations required by the provision
- Create Regulations governing calls made pursuant to Section 301 that:
Limit permissible calls to those collecting defaulted debt
Limit calls to reassigned numbers
Limit the number ...
The Telephone Consumer Protection Act defines the phrase Automatic Telephone Dialing System (ATDS) as equipment that has the capacity: (A) to store or produce telephone numbers to be called, using a random or sequential number generator; and (B) to dial such numbers. On November 19, 2013, the FCC issued a public notice seeking comment on a Petition for Expedited Declaratory Ruling and/or Expedited Rulemaking filed by the Professional Association for Customer Engagement (PACE). The Petition seeks a Declaratory Ruling: 1. Clarifying that a dialing system is not an ATDS unless it has ...
Hunt v. 21st Mortgage Corp., No. 2:12-cv-2697-WMA, 2013 WL 5230061 (N.D. Ala. Sept. 17, 2013) Pending before the court was a Motion to Compel Discovery during which the issue of what constitutes an Automatic Telephone Dialing System (ATDS) was addressed. The court began its analysis noting that the TCPA defines an ATDS as equipment which has the capacity (A) to store or produce telephone numbers to be called, using a random or sequential number generator; and (B) to dial such numbers. Based on this definition, Plaintiff argued that while Defendant's system could not, in the state ...
- Eleventh Circuit Vacates TCPA Class Settlement for Lack of Standing, Suggesting Reconsideration of Glasser v. Hilton Grand Vacations Co.
- United States Supreme Court Weighs in on Definition of Automatic Telephone Dialing System in TCPA
- New York District Court Stays Putative TCPA Class Action Pending Outcome of Facebook v. Duguid
- Ohio District Court Holds TCPA Unenforceable From 2015 Through 2020
- Supreme Court Severs Unconstitutional Provision of TCPA Exempting Robocalls Made To Collect Government Debt
- Pennsylvania District Court Dismisses TCPA Claim Because Numbers Called Were Stored In, And Uploaded From Separate SQL Server
- Arizona District Court Stays TCPA Case Pending Ruling By Supreme Court in Barr v. AAPC
- California District Court Holds Revocation of Consent Sent to Corporate Headquarters Does Not Support TCPA Claim
- Eleventh Circuit Holds Consent in Bargained-For Contract Cannot Be Unilaterally Revoked
- Gadelhak v. AT&T: The Seventh Circuit Joins the Eleventh Circuit in Taking a Big Bite Out of the TCPA
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